Евразийский степной пояс: статус-кво, происхождение и эволюция

  • Herbert Hurka University of Osnabrueck
  • Nikolai Friesen Botanical Garden of the University of Osnabrueck
  • Karl-Georg Bernhardt University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences
  • Barbara Neuffer University of Osnabrueck
  • Sergej Smirnov Altai State University
  • Alexander Shmakov Altai State University
  • Frank Blattner Altai State University
Ключевые слова: возникновение и эволюция, Евразия, ландшафты, современное состояние, палеоклиматы, степи

Аннотация

В статье представлен всесторонний обзор характеристик и структуры евразийской степи и ее эволюции в пространстве и времени. В течение последних десятилетий огромный прогресс методов исследования в науках о Земле и палеонтологии значительно расширил знания о палеоклиматах и ​​палеоокружении кайнозойской эры. Обсуждаются общеизвестные факты на фоне недавнего прогресса в этих и других областях, связанных с нашими темами, и решаем открытые вопросы.

В части I (Статус-кво) представлены системы классификации степей, влияние на них человека и современное состояние евразийской степи. Здесь наиболее подробно рассматриваются доисторические времена, когда возникли первые человеческие культуры, а также последние 100–200 годах, когда произошли радикальные изменения и во многих регионах степь почти полностью исчезла. В части II (Происхождение и эволюция Евразийской степи) рассматриваются происхождение и эволюция травянистых растений и лугов в целом, а также эволюция и история климата/ландшафта евразийского степного пояса в частности. Подъем Гималайско-Тибетского плато, изменения в распределении суши и моря и глобальные климатические тренды были вызваны изменениями кайнозойского палеоклимата, но нет единого мнения, какое из них является наиболее важным фактором.

И, наконец, в статье выявлены пробелы/проблемы в наших знаниях об эволюции евразийской степи и обсуждаются направления исследований, которые могут помочь распутать динамику флорогенетики и степных сообществ от начала формирования степи до настоящего времени.

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Опубликован
2019-09-23
Как цитировать
Hurka, H., Friesen, N., Bernhardt, K.-G., Neuffer, B., Smirnov, S., Shmakov, A., & Blattner , F. (2019). Евразийский степной пояс: статус-кво, происхождение и эволюция. Turczaninowia, 22(3), 5-71. https://doi.org/10.14258/turczaninowia.22.3.1
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Научные статьи